The Museum’s primary responsibility is its collection. Acquisition, preservation, conservation, and interpretation of the collection are the responsibilities of ACHM’s professional staff. ACHM collects and cares for objects, art, artifacts, manuscripts, letters, photographs, documents, and other reference sources to the best of its ability with the available resources and with proper stewardship as a guiding principle.
ACHM also considers the structure of Banksia, the William Gregg Buttery, the Ergle Log Cabin, and the County Schoolhouse to be essential components of the collection and strives to care for them in order to preserve their historic integrity.
The archaeological and pre-historical collection consists of ceramics, projectile points, and other such tools from the Native American period in the Aiken County era.
The Museum's Archives are compiled of books and other published works, documents, maps, and blueprints. Additionally, personal letters and diaries help to piece together the lesser known and more intimate history of Aiken County.
The Museum is housed in Banksia, a Winter Colony home, and it is our largest collections object! Other historic structures include the William Gregg Buttery, the Ergle Log Cabin, the China Springs Schoolhouse, and the Transit of Venus observatory.
The Museum is home to an ever-growing collection of objects relating to the history of Aiken County. From wedding dresses to military uniforms; from agricultural equipment to firetrucks; from household furnishings to a 1950s drugstore, there is something for everyone to enjoy.
While ACHM's collections are more focused on the historical material of Aiken County, the collection also includes objects that pertain to the flora and fauna of the area, including materials associated with Hitchcock Woods, kaolin deposits, and The Savannah River Ecology Laboratory.
Art plays an important role in telling the full story of Aiken County's history. The art in our collection ranges from paintings created by local artists to portraits of famous-Aikenites to Edgefield Pottery created by enslaved African Americans.
The Museum has thousands of photographs and postcards in its collections dating from the 1860s. We have photographs of downtown Aiken, Winter Colony homes, famous families, regional newspaper images, and more.
Follow the link below to view highlights from our collection. From the unique to the everyday, these objects, documents, and images represent a broad range of subjects and events in our County’s history. Please note that the items viewable here are just a small fraction of the Museum’s holdings and that our staff and volunteers are working hard to process and publish more content for everyone to enjoy.
The Aiken County Historical Museum, under the direction of the Aiken County Historical Commission, collects, preserves, promotes, interprets, and exhibits the historical objects of Aiken County and its surrounds.